(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The British press on the Naval Bill and the need of aid [microform]"

CIHM 
Microfiche 
Series 
(IVIonographs) 



ICMH 

Collection de 
microfiches 
(monographies) 




m 



Canadian Institute for Hiatorical Microraproductiona / Institut Canadian de microreproductions historiquas 






Technical and Bibliographic Notes / Notes technique et bibliographiques 



The Institute has attempted to obtain the best original 
copy available for filming. Features of this copy which 
may be bibliographically unique, which may alter any of 
the images in the reproduction, or which may 
significantly change the usual method of filming are 
checked below. 



FT] Coloured covers / 



D 

D 

D 
D 
D 

D 

D 

D 

D 

D 



Couverture de couleur 

Covers damaged / 
Ccuverture endommagee 

Covers restored and/or laminated / 
Couverture restauree et/ou pelliculee 

Cover title missing / Le titre de couverture manque 

Coloured maps / Cartes geographiques en couleur 

Coloured ink (i.e. other than blue or black) / 
Encre de couleur (i.e. autre que bleue ou noire) 

Coloured plates and/or illustrations / 
Planches et/ou illustrations en couleur 

Bound with other material / 
Relie avec d'autres documents 

Only edition available / 
Seute edition disponible 

Tight binding may cause shadows or distortion 
along interior margin / La reliure serree peut 
causer de I'ombre ou de la distorsion le long de 
la marge Interieure. 

Blank leaves added during restorations may appear 
within the text. Wheneve* possible, these have 
been omitted from filming / II se peut que certaines 
pages blanches ajoutees lofs d'une restauration 
apparaissent dans le texte, mais. k)rsque cela etait 
possible, ces pages n'ont pas ete filmees. 



L'Institut a microfllme le meilleur examplaire qu'il lui a 
ete possible de se procurer. Les details de cet exem- 
plaire qui sont peut-etre uniques du point de vue bibli- 
ographique, qui peuvent modifier unc iniage reproduite, 
ou qui peuvent exiger une modifications dans la m6th- 
ode normale de filmage sont indiques ci-dessous. 

I I Coloured pages / Pages de couleur 

I j Pages damaged / Pages endommagees 

I I Pages restored and/or laminated / 
' — ' Pages restaurees et/ou pelticul6es 

r^ Pages discoloured, stained or foxed / 
' — ' Pages decolordes, tachetees ou piquees 

I I Pages detached / Pages detachees 

r^ Showthrough / Transparence 

I I Quality of print varies / 

' — ' Quality inegale de I'impression 

I I Includes supplementary material / 
— Comprend du materiel supplementaire 

I I Pages wholly or partially obscured by errata 
' — ' slips, tissues, etc.. have been refilmed to 
ensure the best possible image / Les pages 
totalement ou partiellement obscurcies par un 
feuillet d'errata, une pelure, etc., ont ete filmees 
ci nouveau de fagon a obtenir la meilleure 
image possible. 

I i Opposing pages with varying colouration or 
' — ' discolourations are filmed twice to ensure the 
best possible image / Les pages s'opposant 
ayant des colorations variables ou des decol- 
orations sont filmees deux fois afin d'obtenir la 
meilleur image possible. 



D 



Additional comments / 
Commentaires sjpplementaires: 





lOX 14X 1«X 




22X 








26X 








KX 
































J 




























12X 








18X 








20X 








24 X 








28 X 








32 X 



Th« copy filmed har« has bMn raproduead thanks 
to iha gansrositv at: 

National Library of Canada 



L'axamplaira flint* tut rsproduit gric* * la 
Otntroaitt da: 

Bibliotheque nationale du Canada 



Tha imagas appaaring hara ara Iha bast quality 
pessibia csnsidaring iha condition and lagibility 
of tha original copy and in kaaping with tha 
filming cenuact spaciticatiena. 



Original copias in printad papar covars ara fllmad 
baginning with tha front eovar and anding on 
tha last pags with a printad or illuatratad impras- 
sion, or tha back covar whan approprlata. All 
othar original copiaa ara filmad baginnmg on tha 
first paga with a printad or illuatratad impras- 
sion. and anding on tha last paga with a pnntad 
or illuatratad imprasaien. 



Tha last racordad frama on aach microficha 
shall contain tha symbol -^ '""••"'"■ 'f?!!',' 
TINUED"). or tha symbol V Imaaning END I. 
whichavar applias. 

Mapa, pistas. charts, ate. may ba filmad at 
diff arant raduction ratios. Thosa too larga to ba 
antiraly includad in ona axposura ara film«d 
baginning in tha uppar laft hand cornar. laft to 
right and top to bottom, as many framas as 
rsquirad. Tha following diagrams illustrata tha 
mathed: 



Las imagas suivantas ont k\k raproduitas avac I* 
plus grand soin. compta tanu da la condition at 
da la nsttat* da I'axamplaira tilma. at an 
conformiia avac laa conditions du central da 
filmaga. 

Laa axamplairas originaux dont la couvartura an 
papiar aat imprimta sont filmas an commancani 
par la pramiar plat at an tarminant soit par la 
darniAra paga qui compona una amprainta 
d'Imprassion ou d'lllustrstion. soit par la sacond 
plat, salon la eas. Toua las autrss axamplairas 
orlginaux sent fllm*s an commancant par la 
pramitra paga qui comporta una amprainta 
d'impraaaion ou d'illustration at an tarminant par 
la darniAra paga qui comporta una talla 
amprainta. 

Un das symbolaa suivants apparaitra sur la 
darni*ra imaga da chsqua microficha. lalon la 
cas: la symbols ^^signifia "A SUIVRE". la 
symbols V signifia "FIN". 

Las cartaa. planchas. tableaux, ate. pauwant atra 
filmts A das uux da reduction difftrants. 
Lorsqua la document ast trop grand pour atra 
raproduit an un saul elich*. 11 ast films * partir 
da I'angia suptriaur gaucha. da gaucha 1 droita. 
at da haut an bas. an pranant la nombra 
dimagaa n*cassaira. Las diagrammss suivants 
illustrant la m«thoda. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 



MICROCOfY RESOLUTION TEST CHART 

(ANSI and ISO TEST CHART No. 2) 



I.I 



'1^ II 



2.5 



12.2 



ill 2.0 



'S l^ 111116 



A ^IPPLIED IfvMGE In. 



THE 

BRITISH PRESS 

ON THE 

NAVAL. BILL 

AND THE 

NEED OF An> 



re -Li 



OTTAWA l»RINTIPICi Co.. Li'> 



THK BRITISH I»Ri:SS 



THE NAVAI. IMI.1. 



TIIEN'EKI) OF AIO 



I 5 ' 

Vid- 



THE L3RITISH PRESS 

ON 

THE NAVAL E(LL 

AND 

THE NEED OFAID 



'•The Caiia<lian Parliament Ifarnt yesterday from 
"tliu lijis of it.s Prime Minister the jiart whicli he designs 
"the fiist Dominion to jilay in the strengthening of 
"lnii)erial <lefenee and the direction of lni[>erial affairs. 
"Words (I lot oonie easily in response to such a speech. 
"Those wlii> read it in the full text which we publish on 
"the opposite page will sto tluit it contains no merely 
"ojjportunist or transitory appeal, no deft evasion of 
"those parts of the Imperial problem which politicians 
"are fain to ignore, no facile assurances that the day of 
"danger will make the Empire one. They will find, on 
"the contrary, a splendid offer of immediate partioipa- 
"tion in the burden of defence and a deeply reassured 
"statement of the Ohly conditions on which that burden 
"can in future be supported and shared. There are 
"pas.saKeR in the spe"cli which will touch profoundly the 
"spirit if British patriotism an J which will be recalled 
''as often as the noble and oft qaoted words in Sir John 
'Macdoneld's historic election address. But as a whole 
'the speech is something much nore. It is the first clear 
'definition ever publicly given 'y a British statesman 



"of tlio prnbU'in of Iiiippriiil security, thr llrst nuthoritii- 

"live rei-o^fiiitioti tlint swiirity will di ml upon ii hasis 

"hoiriK t'oiinii fur joint piirti<'ipiition in nnviil (Ifl'cnce, 
"iiud tliiit liny mich Im.-is nuisl nifcril tlic ovcimchs ho- 
"ininions iin ii>lci|iintc \ipici' in I'orciffn policy. Ilow- 
"I'vcr .li(1i<Milt Hint prolilcin .Mr. liordcn stntcs liolilly 
"timt it is not tlic piirt of wisiloni or sliilcsiiiniisliip to 
"eviide it, and Hint, in his l.cjicf, it is not insolnhlc. 
"Tlic'sc will 1)0 ins|iirinj,' words to nil wlio liiivc tried to 
"show, ns we nccordiii',' to onr capncity have done, thnt 
"u polii'V of drift nnd evasion, concerted tliouuli it be in 
"deference to dan>ft'rs and difliciiltics of u serious kind, 
"can only lend to iliflicnities and dnnjfers n thousnnd 
"times more serious still. Tlie nieusures announced by 
'Mr. Horden are the first fniits of n determination de- 
"elnrud by him while still in opposition first to know the 
"facts nnd then to net on them, lie came to the British 
"Goveniment for facts nnd fncts tlio British (iovern- 
"ment has Riven liim. The remarkable rnemoranduni 
"which he rend in the course of his speech, is sufficient 
"proof of the comi)lete candour with which the admir- 
"alty has revealed— and rightly revealed— the naked 
"facts of the navnl situation, candour begets courage, 
"for it shows what need of conrafje there is, and in Ulr. 
"Borden's speech the two combined have jfiven ns a 
"great example of just thnt leadership which the Brit- 
"ish iieoples, all the Knijiire over, desire nnd demand. 
"If the truth is thus brought home to them their re- 
"sponse is assured. The gift of three dreadnoughts, 
"striking and signilicant as it would be at any time, will 
"carry a yet greater significance in this moment of 
"grave intemntionnl strain. The world has not yet 
"understood what the British Kmi)ire means; but it is 
"beginning to understand today that as a weight in 
"the scales for peace its power and influence are nn- 
"paralleled. That is the great function which the 
"British navy has hitherto with unremitting devotion 
"sustained alone; but it has demanded an increasing 
"sacrifice with everj' succeeding year, and, in spite of 



'nil tliiit snciilici' (iiir rclulivc power lm« stciidily ilo- 
■•I'liiicd. Hut witli llic |)()iniiii(.ii», |.ri)viiliMl only tli.it 
"<)i:r rniiiil mid iiii'tlidil lie mir, Itritisli imval pdwiT I'nn 
•'1)1' ri'stcircd anil riiiiititniiu'd. Austrnliii and N'cw 
"Zealand have already >li|.|ied I'lirward tii r "^tiire it ii 

"a rnea-nre helitlini; llieii iillli(>n~ and tlieir >tren»;lli. 

Tanada, under Mr. llorden'- initialiv will re-tore it 
"in lar};er niea^uic and liy direrlor methods still. For 
"till' thiee iiowerlnl liatlleslii|is which are n<,\v to li*" 
"laiill, are greater llian any provision wliieli the I)o- 
"nnnion- have niaile in the pas and tliou«li lliey nrp 
"(|uite riL'htly to lie held for the creation of n Canadian 
"unit of ti.e Mritish ur-vy, when that liiue comes, tlicv 
"are to be part of the I'-npire's battle stroii:;tii 
"wherever it inay be juired. Mr. Uorden'.s lanjrua^e 
"on that ipicstion is the lnn(fiiiiu:e of common sense." 
[Thr Tim>.i. /.,iii,l,in, Die. 6tli, VM'!.) 

"Now, before Koinjr further into Mr. Bonlen's 
"statement, we vvoidij lil<e to e.xpn s our sense of pro- 
"found iiratiiude to the Domiinop overument fortius 
"nui'.'nilicent exiiression of their loyalty to the mon- 
"nrchy and faith in the Kmpire. It is hel] in time of 
"need, the sort of help which proves to ns who 're our 
"tnie friends. These three ships cannot fail ' he of 
"very u'reat value to the security of the Kmp and 
"the weislit and ellicacy of its foreign policy. As peace 
"depends upon our streuf;tli to repel attack, it may 
"well he that this achlition to (uir strenfrtli will be the 
"ileterinininj; faetor in preservinjf the peace of the 
"world. Mr. Borden in ol1i<'e ha.s lost no time in jirov- 
"in:,' his deep and sincere loyalty to the cause which he 
"professed in ojiposition. He has frone to the Admir- 
"alty for advice and has taken it." 

(Morning Post, London, Dec. 6th, 1!U2.) 

"We have reached a critical .stnse in our history 
"as a vast Confederation of autonomous nations. Mr. 
"Borden has been taken into the innermost councils 



'of the Imperial Government, and liis fjreat speech 
'free as it is from all rhetoric, reflects in sober terms 
'the deej) impression made upon his mind by the 
'danger which threatens everything the British people 
'cherish. He admits that an emergency has arisen, and 
'he asks his fellow countrymen to make an emergency 
'contribution to avert a catastrophe. * • * Such is 
'the thank offering of a young and great nation, which 
'is rapidly rising in wealth, in power and in prestige. 
'It is ("anada's response to the renewed challenge to 
'the s'lpremaey upon which her all depends. • • * 
'Mr. Borden has taken a bold step. We ti-ust ana be- 
'lieve that his courageous and truest work will be re- 
' echoed, east and west, whereever there is a settlement 
'of men of British blood." 

{The Telegraph, London, Dec. 6th, 1912.) 

"The speech of Mr. Borden in the Canadian House 
'of Commons marks an epoch in the history of the 
'British Empire, in the history of the world. Canada 
'as we expected, has risen to the he'-jht of her great 
'argument, and through the month ot her Prime Min- 
'ister answers in thunder tones the challenge of those 
'who seek to deprive the British peoples of the suprem- 
'acy of the sea * * *. The speech in which Mr. 
'Borden introduced his motion was well worthy of ihe 
'sub.iect and the occasion. * * * If the Canadian 
'Parliament accepts, as no doubt it will, Mr. Borden's 
'propositions, we shall enter upon a new era of hope 
'and security and can face the perils of the future with 
'a confidence bom of the knewledge that it is not the 
'island kingdom, but the world-empire with which the 
'adversaries or assailants of Britain will have to reck- 
'on. The mother of the lion-line will indeed be vindio- 
'ated in her children." 

(The Standard, London, Dec. 6th, 1912.) 

"This buoyant young nation (Canada) feels that 
'she can no longer rely entirely upon the protection of 



"the old mother country. Hence the magnificent deci- 
"sion of the Dominion Government, which Mr. Borden 
"announced yesterday. Canada, it is proposed, shall 
"provide tliree of the finest modem battleships that 
"science can provide, thoroughly equipped in every re- 
"spect. They will be for home defence primarily, and 
"for Imperial defence if necessary, and -will cost seven 
"millions sterling. It is a great example to set to the 
"rest of the Empire." 

(The Advertiser, London, England, Dec. 6th, 1912.) 

"A thrill of pride will run through the veins of 
"every Englishman as he reads this morning Mr. Bor- 
" den's speech announcing the determination of his 
"government to ask Canada to give three fully 
"equipped super-Dreadnoughts to the mother country. 
"It was a great occasion and a great speech. • * • 
"The neeo for this aid to the mother country is made 
"clear by the Admiralty Memorandum showing how 
"the extraordinary growth of other navies has com- 
"pelled us to withdraw a large number of vessels from 
"Colonial waters and from the Mediterranean so as to 
"concentrate our naval forces in the North Sea." 
(The Graphic, London, Dec. Gth, 1912.) 

"No more important speech has been delivered in 
"the history of world powers and Empires, in the an- 
"nals of peace and war, than that in which Mr. Borden 
"unfolded yesterday to the Canadian House of Com- 
"mons liis plan for contributing to the British navy 
"three of the most powerful battleships which science 
"can build or money supply. His speech, and the deci- 
"sion of which it is the considered expression reshapes 
"the whole meaning of Empire and establishes on a 
"new basis the security of our common heritage. * * • 
"Two chief considerations govern our attitude towards 
"this powerful aid, offered at a critical moment to the 
"Home fiovernment. One is the material effect on that 
"sea-power which must always guarantee the security 



"of every part of the British Empire — which is all or 
"nothing — and the peace of the civilized world. Such 
"effect is enormous, both immediately and in its future 
"significance. It repels the direst menace of the i^row- 
"ing sea-power commanded by Germany and her 
"allies. * • * Thus all come to the mora' aspect of 
"the new proposals, which is almost incalculable. To 
"match Great Britain alone upon the high seas and to 
"wear down the power of these islands to hold inviol- 
"ably the command of all the seas may have been a 
"legitimate and possible policy for a strong, ambitious 
"nations. To confront with genuine hopes of success 
"the united efforts of the whole British Empire is quite 
"a different undertaking. This entrance of the great 
"Dominions on the naval scene, as part proprietors of 
"British sea-power will secure — if it be wisely directed 
" — the naval supremacy of the Empire for many years 
"to come. We were not done with even when we had 
"to build alone. We were capable of even greater sac- 
"rifice and effort — But, thus strengthened, we are in- 
" vincible." 

(The Express, London, Dec. 6th, 1912.) 

"No policy could be more statesmanlike or patri- 
"otic than this, nor could it have been proclaimed in 
"nobler or more moving words. They will ring througli- 
"out the world as a declaration that the Dominions 
"stand side by side with the mother country in the 
"great task of assuring the command of the sea — that, 
"in this, new era of intense and ever-growing naval 
"competition, they are ready and willing and proud to 
"join in bearing the burden of Imperial defence." 
(.Daily Mail, London, Dec. 6th, 1912.) 

"The speech indicates a new era in the history of 
"the British Empire." 

(Daily Mirror, Dec. 12th, 1912.) 



"It is in itself a very handsome and impressive 
6 



"contribution— three super-DreadnouRhts at a total 
"cost of about £7,000,000. It is hardly necessary to 
"repeat, what we have said before, that the Imperial 
"value of such offers excels their money value. Three 
"Dreadnoughts voluntarily provided by a Dominion are 
"worth more to the Empire and the fleet than the same 
"ships provided by the Hritish taxpayer. They are so 
"'because they prove in the most practical way to all 
"concerned, and to the outer world as well, that the 
"base on which our naval strength is founded is not 
"merely insular but Imperial. They emphasise both 
"our defensive resources and our peaceful intentions. 
The form of the offer was, it seems, deter- 
" mined by the Admiralty." 

(Daily News, London, Dec. \2th, 1912.) 

"Canada has followed the lead of other overseas 
"Dominions that have offered to help the mother coun- 
"try in strengthening and maintaining her Imperial 
"navy." 

(Daily Sketch, Dec. 12th, 1912.) 

"The word epoch-making is often used without 
"justification for quite trivial events but it has a real 
"significance when applied to the announcement which 
"Mr. Borden made in the Dominion House of Com- 
"mons yesterday. * • * We need not say that the 
"people of this countrj' will gratefully welcome this 
"proposal, both for the handsome material aid which 
"it offers and for the generous loyalty to the Empire 
"which prompts it." 

(The Westminster Gazette, Dec. 6th, 1912.) 

"No man who carries in his veins the warm blood 
"of patriotism can read unmoved the description of the 
"stirring scenes in the Dominion Parliament as the 
"Prime Minister gave voice to the spirit which is ani- 
" mating the people of Canada and detailed the plans 
"by which the overmastering sentiment of loyalty and 



"love for the motherland is to find its immediate ex- 
"prossion. We had been prepared in advance for the 
"actual contribution in kind which the Dominion is to 
"be asked to make to the first line of the Empire's de- 
" fence, but not even the inspiring language of Mr. Bor- 
"den already given to a listening world has taken the 
"keen edge from the sentiments which yesterday 
"found expression in the parliament of Canada." 

(The Globe, London, Dec. 12th, 1912.) 

"We are not going to speak of the 'gift' of Canada, 
"nor gush over the 'generosity' of her sons. We ae- 
" knowledge with full heart the splendour of the token 
"of love and loyalty contained in Mr. Borden's propos- 
"als and endorsed in that wonderful scene in the Do- 
" minion Parliament when the spirit lighted on mem- 
"bers of all parties and the strangers in the Gallery, 
"and roused them as one man to rise and sing "God 
"save the King." * • • Britain looks on them 
"(Canadians) to-day with the loving pride with which 
"a mother beholds her first-born when he dons for the 
"first time the uniform of his regiment or of an Osborne 
"cadet. Mr. Borden's glowing, yet business like speech, 
"made clear the reason, the purpose and the aim of the 
"emergency proposals which he laid before Parlia- 
"ment." 

"Mr. Borden is himself the most striking example 
"of the untold advantage which the Empire will derive 
"when the wisdom of every Imperial statesman is held 
"at the service of the Empire as a whole. His clear out- 
"look, his imagination, his grasp of essentials, and his 
"driving power were never better displayed than in the 
"speech which moved Parliament to enthusiasm, and 
"in the proposals which he so lucidly unfolded to it. 
"We sometimes bewail the lack of a real forceful per- 
"sonality who, in days of peril, would lead the Empire. 
"Perhaps it does not occur to us sufficiently often that 
"the Pitt or Canning of the future may be found, not 
"in these islands but in Canada or Australia." 

(Pall Mall Gazette, Dec. 6ih, 1912.) 
8 



"The magnificent offer made by the Canadian 
"Premier on behalf of tlie Dominion will be received in 
"this country not only with gratitude but enthusiasm. 
"Great as is the sum wliicli Canada proposes to con- 
"tribute toivanls the necessary augmentation of the 
"Imperial navy the spirit which prompts the gift is a 
"greater and a dearer thing by far for it demonstrates 
"clearly and forcefully to all the world that the Empire 
"is not, as in earlier days, a burden to the mother 
"country, but a source of strength in the hour of need. 
"In nil the history of that Empire there is no brighter 
"page than that which is written the story of Canada's 
"loyalty and devotion. • * • Mr. Borden's scheme 
"is the best that could have been devised for the meet- 
"ing of the perils that ocnfront us, and it is, indeed, 
"welcome news not only that Canada's splendid offer 
"has been accepted, but that the Home Government, 
"recognizing the Dominion's claim to a voice in our 
"councils, has made arrangements for the addition of 
"a Canadian representative on the Committee of Im- 
"perial Defence." 

{The Evening News, London, Dec. 6th, 1912.) 

"The foreign powers now know what they are in 
"for. They must see that the maritime toTcc which 
"they challenge is not that of Britain but that of the 
"British Empire. And this in a long run will make 
"for peace and the reduction of naval budgets. Like 
"Canning our Colonial Statesmen are calling the new 
"world in to redress the balance of the old. The inter- 
" imperial results will be as important as the intema- 
"tional. Nothing can be better worth reading than the 
"dignified and well reasoned passages in which Mr. 
"Borden outlined the Co titntional position." 

(Evening Standard, London, Dec. 6th, 1912.) 

"On us at home those superb exhibitions of patri- 
"otic energy impose an obvious duty. Our gratitude 
"to our fellow-countrymen and fellow subjects across 



the seas must not be left to evaporate in words. They 
are making or intend to mal<o heavy sacrifices But 
they make tliem in order to increase "the power of the 
ii,mpire not to relieve the pockets of British tax- 
" payers." 

{Standard, London, 1912.) 

"Let us not be frightened by bo^vs, which will 
prove unsubstantial if tackled boldly. " Let us get to 
;'work and do somethin- It is better to do the wrong 
"thin;,' than to do nothing." 

{Observer, London, Dee. 12lh, 1912.) 

.>*.. '"'I'i®'"^ has been no more gratifying fact of late 
than the offers made freely by various Dominions and 
other possessions of the Empire to supply men of war 
tor its defence." 

{Morning Advertiser, Dec. 12lh, 1912.) 

^ "The speech in which Mr. Borden recommended to 
the Dominion House of Commons this handsome and 
welcome reinforcement of the Imperial navy was as 
excellent m tone as it was sound in theory. The purely 
defensive aim of the British navy has "seldom been 
niore clearly defined, and the rule by which its .xpan- 
sion must be guaged was neatly stated. The real test 
of an action is the existence or non-existence of abso- 

"lute security." 

{Financial .Vcws, London, Dec. 6tli, 1912.) 

"it is a great example to set to the rest of the Em- 
pire. 

{Morning Advertiser, Dec. 6th, 1912.) 

"Now that Canada has again proven faith in the 
heritage by more than the word of mouth the Im- 
penahstic vision shines resplendent upon the horizon 
of every loyal Britisher. The truth of Bolingbroke's 
axiom that 'patriotism must be founded upon great 



"principles and .siip])orted by great virtues' has never 
"been more strikinsly demonstrated than in the pre- 
"sent instance." 

(The Commentator, London, Dec. lllh, 1912.) 

"Every one will appreciate the Qovernment's rea- 
"son for postponing to a later date any foniial discus- 
'^sion of the splendid manifestations of Imperial patri- 
"otism which have reached us from oversea. Both the 
"Prime Minister and the F.eader of the Opposition have 
|'exi)res.sed their heartfelt recosnition of the proposals 
"made; and the whole House will certainly desire as 
"soon as possible to show how deeplv it has been im- 
" pressed by Mr. Borden's prreat sjjeech, and bv the 
^^scene which followed it in the Canadian Commons. 
"But it can hardly do so with propriety as yet, for Mr. 
1 1 Borden's proposals have not yet been formallv ap- 
'' proved by his own Parliament, "and they are therefore 
"riot a subject b* present for discussion" in Parliament 
"here." 

(Times, London, Dec. \2th, 1912.) 

"They had all been impressed by the announce- 
"ment made by the Prime Minister "of Canada that 
"Canada desires to aid the naval strength of the Em- 
"pire. They valued far more than any other considera- 
"tion in regard to this the spirit which inspired the 
"otTers of contributions to the navy, the sense of kin- 
"ship and oneship which promoted such speeches as 
"that which the Prime Minister of Canada delivered 
"the other day. It was appropriate that they should 
"all feel that our sea power, to which we owed the ex- 
"istence and maintenance of our world wide Empire 
"should be that branch of our defence to be reinforced 
"by help from the Dominions." 

(Lord Crewe speaking at a Liberal demonstration at 
Bournemouth, Dec. llth, 1912.) 

"The supremacy of the Imperial navy guarantees 
II 



"indefinitely the security of Canada in practically any 
"course she may chose to adopt." 

(,Thc ;.cif Agt, Dec. 12lh, iai2.) 

"80 that already it (Committee of Imperial I)e- 
" fence) has almost hecome the supreme advisory board, 
"on navul and military and foreign policy, for all the 
"cabinets and parliaments of the Jjmpire. " 

{Oaihj Moil, London, Ihc. Ulh, 1912.) 



"But the solution seems most likely to come 
'throuffh this Committee of Imperial Defence, which 
'has grown with such startling rapidity from its mod- 
'est bureaucratic befjinnings; so that already it has al- 
'most become *he supreme advisory Board, on naval 
'and military and foreign policy, for all the cabinets 
'and Parliaments of the Empire." 

(Sydney Low, one of the ablest writers on the London 
Press, and a close student of overseas affiurs, in 
an article in the London Daily Mail, on Mr. Bar- 
d' I's speech, Dec. 11th, 1912.) 

"To-day Mr. Asquith delivered the finest congratn- 
'latory sentence that he ever coined. Mr. Bonar T^aw 
'had asked him when the House would be afforded an 
'o.,portunity to e.\press its deep appreciation of the 
'public spirited patriotism displayed by the Dominions 
'in contributing to Imperial Defence, Mr. Asquith 
'spoke up. 'Of course there should be formal and au- 
'thoritative expression, of the universal feeling of 
'warm appreciation, and heartfelt gratitude which has 
'been aroused in the mother country by the splendid 
'patriotism and liberality disi)layed by our fellow sub- 
'jects in the Dominions. But action should be delayed 
'till the matter has been debated by the Canadian par- 
'liament.' " 

(Parliamentary representative, of the London Stan- 
dard, Dec. nth, 1912.) 



"We are all one in our admiration of the spirit 
"that inspires the offer." 

(The Star, Lundon, Dec. 1th, 1912.) 

"The splendid gift of three super- Dreadnoughts, 
"made by Mr. Borden or l)ehalf of (^inndn to the Im- 
"perial navy is the culminatior of a great rally on 
"navr"l questions throughout the whole Kinpire. The 
"indications of this movement are unmistakeable. " 
(The Uutlouli, London, Dec. 7lh, \<J12.) 

"Mr. Borden has opened a new era for the British 
'Empire. The splendid patriotism with which he an- 
'nounced Canada's munificent gift to the mother coun- 
'try is first the impetus needed to lend practical direc- 
'tion and harmony to the movement towards Imperial 
'co-operative defence. The gift itself defir.i hyperbole. 
'It is a contribution well proportioned to the unex- 
'ampled development and prosperity of the Dominion, 
'as an addition to our naval strength, and that is an 
'imperative condition, three super-Dreadnought? in 
'themselves affect the international balance of powers 
•on the waters. But they are still more important as 
'an expression of the determination of the younger 
'members of the Empire that, let the cost be what it 
'may, the siipremacy of Great Britain as a sea power 
'shall be maintained against any odds." 

(The Outlook, London, Dec. 1th, 1912.) 

"The decision of the Canadian (iovernnient to 
'supply the Empire with three Dreadnoughts is wholly 
'a matter for the Canadian Parliament, and the con- 
'cem of our Parliament wi*h it will be confined to an 
'expression of gratitude aun thanks. Canadian Liber- 
'als are pointing out that we still shall have to man and 
'maintain the ships. But the quotations which we have 
'made from the recent Ftatements in Parliament and 
'from the Admiralty memorandum suggest ;*..ai if we 
'had not had to man the ships given by the Canadian 

'3 



"Oovernmcnt we .slioulil have to man otliurs provided 
"by oursolvoK. Thus tlie whole (incstion rediicfs itsi f 
"to one of what the Doiiiiiiiou I'arliuinent.s are i)rppared 
"to do of their own free will and of the balance of ne- 
"cessi y which falls upon the mother country. Kacl) 
"Parliament is free to do as it will and each Oovem- 
"ment is lospousiLle thereto and knows that this is the 
"case when it enters into consultation on the common 
"needs of the Empire. Freedom and common patri- 
"otism are competent to solve every problem that can 
"arise, and this with far less difficulty and less danger 
"of friction than would be involved in any meelianical 
"federal organization that could be devijed." 

(Yorkshire Observer, referring with approval to dan- 

ada being reprtsetiteil on the Imperial Defence 

Committee, Dec. \Uh, 1912.) 

"f'riticisms of the conditions attached to the Can- 
"adian offer is, of course, sprinRing up on all sides, not 
"only here but in Canada itself. We are glad, however, 
"to record that in no quarter whatever is there the 
"smallest sian of a tendency to carp at the splendid 
"Imperial patriotism which has promoted the Canadian 
"people to arise anu stand in arms by the side of the 
"old eountr.v. Criticism is directed, first, to the con- 
"tention for wi;i.h we have only contempt, that the 
"Canadian ships should be used to relieve our own lia- 
"bilities; securely, to the lack of provision for manning 
"and maintenance, and this oomes mainly from the 
"opposition in Canada itself; and thereby to the consti- 
"tutional question involved in the admission of a Can- 
"adian Minister to the Imperial Defence Committee. 
"Tiie last point is the only one dealt with in the article. 
"It says that dry formalities are not needed within the 
"circle of a united family." 

(Pall Mai Gazette, London, Dee. lOM, 1912.) 

"That (Canac.i's proposals) is a decision worthy 
"of Canada, and the news of it will be received with 



"wi<U>s|ireu(l entliuHiaMni tliratiKlioiit tlio Knipirp. Nor 
"lias it been taken it iiioiiu'iit too sooii. Mr. Bordoii'H 
"K|ifccli, iitul the Ailinirnlty ineiiioianiluin upon wliicll 
"tlint speech was Imsed— a eopy of wliieli we publish 
"in another eolumn— are a complete justification of 
"tlio^c who in season and out of season have striven 
"to iDjiihal llie (hictrine that we couhl sleep (|uietly in 
"our beds in tlie sure belief that our naval superiority 
"was unassailed and unassailable." 

(Thv \o,llurn Whiij, Bilfasl. 1),,. 6lh, lyl2,) 

'■This (Canada's olTer) is soniethinj; wholly differ- 
"cnt from the halting scheme propounded by Sir Wil- 
"frid Luurier's Liberal Government before it ((uitted 
"office, and we believe it ^Yill commend itself to the 
"great majority of both the British and the Canadian 
"peoples as more oompreliensive and statesmanlike. It 
"certainly meets much more elTectively the exiKencies 
"and conditions of tlie Kmpire at this moment as those 
"were hinted at in the Governor General's reiont 
"speec;i, and as they are now more fully disclosed iu 
"Mr. Borden's statement and the Admiralty's official 
"memorandum." 

{Bristol Times and Mirror, Dec. 6tli, 1912.; 

" 'The day has come when either the existence of 
"the Empire will be imperilled, or the young and 
"mighty Dominions must join hands with the motlier 
"land to make secure the common safety and the eom- 
"mon heritajre.' Tliese words express the spirit and 
"the resolve that animated the liistoric .■ii)eech in which 
"the J'rime Minister of the Dominion unfolded to the 
"Canadian Legislature yesterday the policy which his 
"Government desire to pursue, and the proposals to 
"which they are prepared immediately to give effect, 
"in discharging the duty which Canadians feel to be 
"due to themselves and to the Empire. Mr. Borden 
"rose 'to the height of his great argument,' and his 
"words will ring not only through all the King's pos- 

15 



"sesHions but tlirouRli all tlic world. He pointed to a 
"Krent iwril, and liu reinforced Ids wnminj; and his np- 
"pcal witli facts ami fluuros drawn frotii the nio»t au- 
"flioritative Nources. But lie also revealed the diree- 
"tion and HoinethinK "f tlie menus tlirouffli wlilcli sal- 
"vation and safety ore to lie lunind. Canada lias al- 
"ready her mind and her will sot to answer the appeal. 
"She recognizes that the <lefence of the F'.mpire h not 
"only an obligation laid ui>on her hy regard for her own 
"interests hut a <lel)t of honour" and a Kvmbol and 
"pn f of loyal attachment." 

{TIk Sculmnan, Edinburgh, Vic. 6th, 1!)12.) 

"Canada has spo':en witli no uncertain sound on 
"the question of the defence of the Kmpire. Mr. Bor- 
"den has now submitted his scheme for a contribution 
"of i7,000,000 to the Imperial navy, amounting to the 
"value of three of the largest and strongest ships of 
"war which science can build or money can sujiply, 
"and there is no doubt whatever that he has the wliole- 
" hearted sufiport of the overwhelming ma.iorit' of the 
"people of the Dominion. The bnttleshiiis are to be 
"built in Britiiin. Mr. Borden was returned to jiower 
"in oi)positi-n to Sir Wilfrid Laurier's somewhat par- 
"ochial .schei ic of naval defence. A scheme which not 
" nly fell far short of the aspirations of Canada as a 
"self-jrovernin!; Dominion but which would have done 
"practically nothing to give her a share in the larger 
"work of defending the Empire as a whole." 

(Olaxijinr Herald, Ihr. 6lh, 1912.) 

"Canada's practical proof that she fitly realises 
"her position as a great component part of the Empire 
"could not have come at a better time. The provision 
"of these additional vessels, while it may sti-nulato the 
"Cai)e peoples in thedirection of taking their share in the 
"responsibilities of Empire will at the same tiiii" tend to 
"show European nations that the British rac has no 
"intention of allowing any other to assume the control 

i6 



"of the son. Thin is not hoinR <lon« from any spirit of 
"bravado or empty viinity. It is in these days of eom- 
"mercial rivalry and niitional progroMs an absolute no- 
' ' cessity. ' ' 

{The £venin>/ Telegraph and Poll, DumIcc, Dec. 6tk, 
1912.) 

"A Kreat wave of ontbiisiasm is rii)plinK over the 
"Empire ut Canada's decision to tiil<e a liand in the 
^^Kamo^of j(oker that is bein^ played between the pow- 
"ers • • •. Canada is to jmt three DreadnouKhts 
into the pool. We sliall not ko into paro.xvsms of 
"frrntitudo. We are ^la.! that Canada is reeoRnizing 
"that the bnrden wo have borne, partly for her Rood— 
''dnrins; the nineteenth century no less thiin tNO.OOO.OOO 
"was spent by ns here on protectinj,' Canada is a heavy 
"and ffrowin^r burden, which .sooner or Inter we must 
"lay down unless we Ret a helping hand from her. It 
'is not merely that three DremlnouRhts are a t.emend- 
"ous weiRhi on the side of peace during the present 
''and immediate future. They mean more than that. 
"Ihey mean, unless we are very much mistaken, that 
"the revelation of new resources witliin our ; ossession 
"will brinjr the game of poker to a ,^ .oner er-1 than 
"otherwise be the ease." 

(Sunday Chronicle, Ijinilan, IJ((. Slli, 1!)12.) 

"Canada'-, sjilendid and unconditional offer of 
"tnrce DrcndMOUKhts t.) the British nnvv has made a 
"profound impression tlirou,irliout the Empire— we 
"misht even sjiy tiirnuffhout tlie whole world. • * • 
"The main body of the r,iberals is at one with the Un- 
^'lonists in welcoming,' and appreciating the Canadian 
'offer and those of the otlier overseas Dominions. The 
"idea of a supreme .ind unchallonseable navv is part of 
I'the Imperial heritage of Britons, and it "is an idea 
"which is UTiiiffecteil by ordinary party controversies." 
(Glasgow IlcraU, Dec. Slh, 1912.) 

•7 



"It may be found ere long that C'anada has effec- 
"tively stiimiUited the Imperialism of otiier Dominions 
"by her example." 

(Birmiiighttiii I'osl, l)n. Wtli, 1912.) 

"The action of Canada is a fiirtlier sifjnificant and 
"convincing demonstration of the strenfftli and the 
"reality of the ties which bind the units of the British 
"Empire into one great sentient or};anism. As such it 
"cannot fail to arouse tlie ontliusiasm of ])atriots 
"throughout the world." 

(Sussex Dailn AVics, Wee. V2lli, 1912.> 

"Their S'ft is meant to strenf.tlien the Uritish 
"navy, not to reduce tlie responsil ilities of the na- 
"tion." 

(Huulh Walls DdiUj Niiiy, Cariliff, Ok. Kt/A, 1912.) 

"Since tlio whole great questii.i of Canada's part 
"in the Kmjiire's naval defense he. n to be discussed, 
"and, moij i)artieularly, since Mr. iiorden's last visit, 
"with several of his colleagues, to Kngiand, we have 
"added to every comment upon the subject the expres- 
"sion of an assured conviction that this momentous 
"statement from Mr. Borden would be found to show 
"Canada's determination to play a part in every respect 
"worthy of her i)osition and destiny as the Premier Do- 
"minion of the Empire. That conviction has been glor- 
"iously justified by the event, and the comments of the 
"civilized world upon the Ottawa pronouncement from 
"the highest, the mo.^t g.owing tribute which has ever 
"been paid to Canada, the new nation. * * • The 
"Canadian Prime Minister has spoken, we are con- 
"vineed, not for a party, liut for a free people and a 
"nation." 

(Slaiidanl of Kmjjiic, l)<, . \2lh, 1912.) 

"Canada's munificent offer of three Dreadnoughts 
"to Great Britain has created a positive 'sensation.' 

i8 



"As the (la>s go by we are able to see how pronounced 
"the sensation is. Uttered words and silence are alike 
"eloquent." 

{Hull Easlini Moniiiiy Nars, Dec. Ulh, 11112.) 

"The (Jihor great naval evfnt of the past week, the 
"decision of the Canadian (iovornment to contribute 
"throe hattleshiiis of tlie latest type to the King's navy, 
"is very impressive of the strength of the family tie 
"which unites Uritons in all i)arts of the world; and to 
"the taxpayer of the Unite<l Kingdom it must be par- 
"ticularly agreeable to learn that onr kinsmen over the 
"sea are fully ready to bear their share of the Imperial 
"burden which has hitherto chiefly rested upon the 
"niother country. * " • The soi'idarity of the Em- 
"pire on this (juestion has been proved to demonstra- 
"tion. It is a fact of immense significance, and every 
"foreigner can see this as well as any Briton; and the 
yinoral significance of it is as important as the mater- 
"ial. The «-liole effect may be siioilt in a moment bv a 
"little blundering in the attemiit to improve upon" it. 
"Why not leave well enough alone." 

(Ti-tilh, LdiiiliiH, [)(,■. lltli, 1912.) 

"Hut for us and ours, naval supremacy in defence 
"of a priceless inheritance, and in furtherance of a 
"boundless hope, is the Imperial standard which 
"streams in the freshening twentieth century breezes, 
"and draws all the children of Empire, all the Rritish 
"people, without distinction of colour, caste, or creed, 
"in ardent affection around the venerated island 
"mother, in her ancient home around the northern 
"seas." 

"The same sun is o'er us, 

"The same Love shall find us, 

"The same as none other, 

"Wherever we be; 

"Wit'u the same goal before us, 

"The same home behind us, 

•9 



"England our Mother, 
"Queen of the Sea. 

{Financial News, London, Dec. 12th, 1912.) 

"Mr. Borden does not pretend to have any delu- 
"rW^T I 'iT^-, Throughout his speech there 
rings the knowledge that Canada has promised contri- 
bution of three Dreadnoughts is more than what the 
Admiralty calls a significant witness to the united 
''strengh of Empire. Mr. Borden does not conceal the 
fact that he knows what the A.l.niraltv's suave 
^phrases conceal. They conceal an urgent Appeal for 
aid trom the centre of an imperilled Empire." 

{Dublin Irish Times, Dec. 6th, 1912.) 

" Canada '.s gift to the Empire is as inspiring as it 
IS magnificent The gratitude expressed in the mother 
country for thi.s splendid token of love and patriotism 
;;is protound, whilst the offer has given intense plea- 
sure to those sister nations which have already made 
their con ributions to the defence of the Empire 
Happily there is every indication that the (^anadian 
people will endorse Mr. Borden's proposal to pre.^it 
three of the finest battleships on the seas to the navv 
which IS theirs as well as ours. The event is unique 
It IS epoch-making. It places the seal upon that rau- 
ual compact into which the British Dominions and 
the mother land have at last entered, not onlv to adopt 
a single policy m external affairs, but to bear their 

"Austrr 1?';.""''"'°'''"''*'^ ""*' ^'^- Zealand and 
Australia led the way. They have given quickly and 
spontaneously, and in accordance with their respective 
resources and strength. Canada's gift is the most 
ma.m_ificent generosity which has prompted tlie Can 
promise of great wealth and power which the virilitv 
of her people give, have made it possible for her to 

"outstrip the rest of the states at a bound." 

{Plymouth Western Morning News, Dec. 1th, 1912.) 



'■m^l^ifi" ""/'^ ''"' '"■'"" ^•■''"">' ^pressed bv the 
magnificen tsenerosify which has prompted tlie' Can- 

nouglits o tlie British navy. It is indeed a happy 

En .0 shou d display this fine spirit of loyalty to the 

mother oountry. and espooially that the sifts should 

be proposed voluntarily and out of sheer ffood will.'- 

{Vurdiff tioulh Walts Daily Ncw.i, Da: 111,, 1912.) 

_^ "As partners with us in the Empire which lives by 

"forw.Tr •'• ""'','•■ "'^* °'°"''- '•'« Canadians come 

"burde^!"''""''''"-''- '" ''"" " ^'>'"'- «f »'« <^°">n:on 

(Biislol Tinirs anil Mirror, D,c. llh, 1912.) 

"But, in the oircumstanoos, it seems clear that bv 

-rZ^f-': 'i""*'';''^ 1"'"«"> "^ *■- Imperial nalv 

'•fh.,/.r- *"•"'"'' '"^"''^^■^''iP« f'anada has done all 

th the Emp.re can fairly ask of her. It is onlv right 

"ha ebon '/'"'■ , T' " '^'''' ^'"P^- ^^'''^" o"^" th«- 
have been launched and manned, the Imperial Ex- 
chequer should be resp,msiblo. In the sa^ e wav the 
'.pK-eep of these Imperial naval units is as righ Iv le 
concern of the Imperial authorities as is tla of an 

"other unit of the Britis' neet." 

(Financial A ..«, London, Dir. V2lh, 1912.) 

..1, -i'^^ '' 'le .-i^lced whether it is better for Canada to 

bnild up a fleet of her own or to ^ive battleships to a 

"be Th.r .7 '" ''"'"" .^^^""i^'ty- o- answer mus? 

<.t: -f',"," f -'■^■at an-U-rowinK nation, and it 

was inevitable that with the sense of power that 
wealtli brmss should come the desire to take a share 

"in the burdens of Empire." 

{Manchisler Guardian, Die. 1th, 1912.) 

"The comments on Mr. Borden's speech fumi.sh 

21 



"little in the way of surprisie. In quarters whore the 
"Empire is not regarded as a 'resretable necessity,' as 
"Mr. Asquith once scornfully said, 'soiiietliini,' to be 
"apologized for,' the reception of the speech has been 
"as .ordial as it ought to have been 

{Daily Dfspiilrh, Maiirhi sli i; l>ii. Ilk, lltl2.) 

"The little navy section of the (lovernnient's sup- 
" porters will receive a serious sliocU to-day by the pub- 
"iication of the raenioranduni on naval defence rcquire- 
"ments prepared by the Admiralty at the re(|uest of 
"Mr. Borden, the Canadian Premier. The purpose Mr. 
"Borden had in view was to obtain authoritative raa- 
"terial upon which to frame a scheme for presentation 
"to the Canadian Parliament, by which the Dominion 
"would contribute to tlie naval strength of the Era- 
' ' pire. ' ' 

(BfiYo.s/ ycu-s Lctlcr, Dec. IJIh, 1!)12.) 

"It would wo believe be almost impossible to ex- 
"aggerate the importance to the Empire of the pro- 
"nouncement made yesterday by the Prime Minister of 
"Canada on behalf of his government, both as bearing 
"on the future development of the Empire, and as re- 
"gards the front it presen'.s to the world. Mr. Horden's 
"cabinet has asked the Dominion Parliament, 'to grant 
"to His Majesty a sum of £7,000,000 in order to increase 
"the effective naval forces of the Emyiire,' and he as its 
"spokesman has done it in a speech which for breadth 
"of view and strength, yet sobriety of expression, is 
"worthy of the best tradition of British statesmanship. 
II* • • -^Yp believe that Mr. Borden's sjieech will be 
"read throughout Britain to-day with feelings botn of 
"warm gratitude and great, yet wholesome, national 
"pride. 

(Dundee Advertiser, Dec. 6(/i, 1^)1? ) 

"Mr. Borden's speech and the memorandum pre- 
"pared by the Admiralty for the Dominion Government 



"will at last lift the scales from those who have been 
"blind to the peril in which this country is placed by 
"the naval rivalry of Gennany and her allies. The 
"facts are stated simply and impressively. They dis- 
"pose of the last doubt that mijilit linger in any mind 
"as to the grand and sole purpose of the (Jermau navy. 
"That navy is practically new." 

(Olasgow Record, Dec. 6lli, 1912.) 

"It is interesting io learn that Canada ';< niaftnifi- 
"cent gift to the Imi)erial navy has vibrated chords in 
"the otlier British .'verseas Dominions. The repre- 
"sentatives of Australia and New Zealand in this country 
"yesterday declared their high satisfactions over the 
"Canadian action, the result of which mu:;t be to stim- 
"ulate generosity in other parts of the Empire." 

{Bristol Western Daily Press, Oec. 7th, l'J12.) 

"The Laurier party urges that the Admiralty mem- 
"orandum docs not show the existence of a serious 
"emergency. Concerning that point we need say no 
"more tlian this, that if any one contemplates the weld- 
"ing of the triple alliance without misgiving he is too 
"prejudiced an optimist to take part in practical af- 
"fairs. To all military and naval intents and purposes 
"the triplic has become a single power, and its strength 
"is such that we must lose no time in adjusting ourselves 
"to the needs of the changed situation." 

{Oiiiulre Advertiser, Dec. 1th, l'J12.) 

"Opportunity has not yet been given of marking 
"the impression made by Mr. Borden's sjieech on for- 
"eign nations. But we may well believe tl.at this im- 
"pression will be deepest where least is said. Some- 
" thing has at length been disclosed to foreign onlook- 
"ers of the extent of the resources, moral and material, 
"on which Britain can draw her need, in making the 
"weight of her influence felt in the cause of peace and 
"freedom, and in protecting the outworks as well as 

23 



"thp inner defences of the Empire against att-'sk — as 
"hai)pened a century ago, a new world— ai; ^juglish 
"speaking world owning allegiance to the King — is be- 
"ing called in to redress the balance of the old." 

(Edinbunjh Scotsman, Dec. "tlh, 1912.'! 

"That the Doniiiiions nre so loyally recognizing 
"their obligations to the Kmpire is a matter for xini- 
"versal congratulations." 

(Bradford Yorkshire Olservir, Dec. 6th, 1912.) 

"Neither Mr. Borden nor Mr. Churchill has sound- 
"ed a bellicose note, but that united action and the 
"quiet but firm support of the Governments, parlia- 
"ments and peoples behind them may serve to act as a 
"warning and ultimately as a check to the naval ambi- 
"tions and energies of other nations, and thus bring 
"about a definite limitation of the present heavy, if not 
"absolutely wasteful, expenditure of money on naval 
"armaments." 

Upsu'ich East Anglian Dn^hj Times, Dec. 9th, 1912.) 

"To-day the eyes of the world will 1)6 directed par- 
"ticularly towards Canada. The Western Dominion re- 
"cently showed her staunch loyalty to the old country 
"when tested severely on the question of reciprocity 
"with the United States. She i.s marching steadily for- 
"ward. " 

(Aberdeen Daily Journal, Dee. 6/7i, 1912.) 

"There is no need to consider what questions might 
"arise if Canada was richer and more populous than 
"the old country — certainly it would be unwise to sug- 
"gest that in such a case the voice of Canada must ne- 
"oessarily be predominant. Why suggest possibilities 
"of jealousy? The navy of the British people has to 
"deal with questions as they arise — though it is true 
"with some outlook for the future, and this method will 
"suffice at the present .juncture." 

(Leeds Yorkshire Post, Dec. 9th, 1912.) 

24 






"Mr. Borden's speech to the Parliament of Canada 
"has sent a tlirill of pride and gratitude throughout the 
"Empire." 

[Diihlin Express, Dtv. 1th, 1912.) 

"Tliere can l)e no i|ncstiiin whatever tliat Mr. Bor- 
"den's iriagniiicent speech in suhmitting the 'Effective 
"Naval Forces \^\\V to tlie Dominion House of Oom- 
"mons, must have a jirofound effect on foreign opinion. 
"It hrings lirinie to tlie general mind, in a way that no 
"other recent event has done, the solidarity of the 
"British Kmpire. The words of bis jjcroration must 
"appeal to every citizen of the Empire." 

{The Evening Tinux, Glasgow, Dec. lih, 1912.) 

"One of the most .striking portions of Mr. Borden's 
"epoch-making speech was the passage in which he in- 
"sisted, not for the tirst time, that 'the great Dominions, 
"sharing in the defence of the Empire upon the high 
"seas must necessarily be entitled to share also in the 
"responsibility for, and in the control of foreign jiolicy' 
" — The reasonableness of this claim was recognized by 
"His ilajesty's Ministers at the time of the recent Im- 
"perial f'onferenco, when they invited the representa- 
"tives of the Dominions to attend the meetings of the 
"Conmiittee of Imperial Defence." 

(Dublin Irish Times, Dec. Wi, 1912.) 

"Once again the new world has redressed the bal- 
'ance of tlie old. Mr. Borden's speech on Thursday 
'was worthy of the man, the office, and the occasion — 
'as the We.stminster Gazette most justly observed, it 
'inaugurated u development to which the overworked 
"eyiithet 'epoch-making' can fairly be applied. The 
'gift of three super-Dreadnoughts has behind it all the 
'enthusiasm of a l^yal and confident people. The 
'effective power of the Empire has received an addi- 
'tion not only of £7,000,000, but of 7,000,000 people. It 
is as though Bulgaria and Servia together had sud- 



25 



"denly joined it. And this question which Mr. Borden 
"has gone far to settle is that of the unified control of 
"the fleet. The Laurierites will fight hiui on this issue 
"and will be soundly beaten. I trust tlieir defeat will 
"uuike echoes beyond Canada." 

{The World, Londuii, Oic. lOlli, 1912.) 

"There is no question that Canada bus 'done the 
"thing handsomely' in her contribution to the navj. It 
"would be impossible to desire a more practical earnest 
"of the Dominion's detcruiinjition to support the Im- 
"perial ideal. Seven millions is an immense sum of 
"money." 

(The Olasgov Efniiiig Timis, Dir. 6tli, 1!)12.) 

"A new chapter in the history of the country dates 
"from to-day. This is not simply because of the con- 
"tribution now announced from Canada to the Empire's 
"fleet — though that is magnificent. It is the new spirit 
"and the new direction of Imperial events that tell 
"most." 

(Glasgow Sews, Dec. 6tli, 1912.) 

"The greatest store is set bv the Admiralty on the 
"material and moral help of ti ? Dominion and the 
"answer, so Mr. Borden says, must be 'unhesitating and 
"unequivocal." The Canadian propo.sal is l)old and ira- 
"pressive. May we express the hope that it will not be 
"oppressive." 

(Sheffield Indcpeiuleiil, Dec. 6th, 1912.) 

"That Canada sliould willingly take upon herself 
"to share with this country the burden which the de- 
" fence of the Empire under existing conditions imposes, 
"is an evidence of loyalty none the less welcome and 
"gratifying because it is what wo should expect of her 
"after an experience of her good will during the South 
"African war." 

(The Northern Echo, Darlington, Dec. 6th, 1912.) 

a6 



"From end to i-titl the Kiiipire is still rinRinK with 
"Mr. Horden's speech. What is the secret in that 
"speech tlint has touclied so deep a cliord. It is we 
"think the courage, its candour and its faitli. Mr. Bor- 
"den would liave nothing of jjlos.ses and pretence. He 
"stated the prohleni with frankness, lie described the 
"facts with truth; and in every word he siiid there rang 
"the note of firm endeavour and contidc t belief. It is 
"a pity that statesnuinship in this country lias lost of 
"late the capacity for such sjieech. We have orators 
"to tlatter and seduce the aiuliences which they address, 
"but seldom one to tell an auilience of facts which it 
"may not approve. It has become a political maxim 
"that democracv will onlv respond to ca.jolery and 
"gifts." 

(Tiina:, loiidnn, Du. lO/Zi, li»12.) 

"It would be a thousand pities if a narrow minded 
"partisanship were to cast its shadow upon the noble 
"gift of Canada and the fjrand possibilities for the Em- 
"pire of which we get a vision through the medium of 
"those recent declarations in the Dominion and at home. 
"• * * So far as poimlar opinion is concerned it is 
"gratifying to hear that the great body of the Canadian 
"people are behind Mr. Borden in this matter, and that 
"from east to west the policy ho has so impressively 
"expounded is ap])roved. As to the attitude of the 
"British people at home, it is that of admiring apprecia- 
"tion. They are proud of Canada." 

{Glasgow Knord, I),,, lih. liH2.) 

"There is a great recognition of the splemlour of 
"the Canadian contribution of three Dreadnoughts to 
"the navy and of the significance of the arrangement 
"by which the Dominion obtains a permanent repre- 
"sentative upon the Committee of Imperial Defence." 
{Abtrdecn Free. I'rrss, Drc. 1th, 1912.) 



27 



"We rejoice in tha willingness of (-anndn to share 
our liurden." 

(Paily A'd.'j, and Uadci; Da. lOlh, 1U12.) 

..,.;,. ")^'' T^ ''T'"-' ^■''"' *'■"' '•'""" M"-- Honlen ,le- 
_<.ule,l on liiH ,,olioy o,' a .■(mtril.utinn to Imperial <le- 
fonro ho ,nM,«te.l on the crolh.ry that Camula slionld 
be arl,nme<l in .some way to the Councils of the Km- 
l-ire. 1 hat was part of the eontraet. While Mr. Bor- 
den was m Kn^Man.i he sal over the rloek and listened 

the reipiisite pledge." 

(Moriiiiiij I'nnt, /)(, . Will, 1012.) 

"Tlie smnmoninK in, by Jfr. Honlen, of the new 
worl.l to re.lress the balan.'e of the old, ,ill in the end 
make ,t clear that we cannot he assa led beoanse we 

{SoiiHinmiilon Timrx, E„iilaii<l, I),,. Itli. 1!)12.) 

"re.^nrd'"f T*"'* value of Mr. Borden's proposal is in 
reward to its general sisniticance. Jt is reallv an an- 
nouncement made to the world at larRC that whenever 

8atet\ and conhdence to its offspring." 

{Noncich I'ress, England, Dc. 1th, 1!)12.) 

"The siiKsestion has been ,.„t forward in ninnv in- 
fl neu ml quarters timt the (V.uadian contribution to 
the .npenal fleet should take th,. form of a tiving 
squadron of crnisers to be used in ti.ue of peace to 
show the fla,. in all quaders of the (Hobe. l/ejlated 
of course by the political situation (his s,,uadron of 
first class vessels would be at hand to show the 

"tSLd.' "'^ ^"'''''' '" ""^- •"-^'- ^^■-" "-^- 

('Sphere, London, Dec. 1th, 1912.) 
38 



^ The nearer the heart the fewer the wonls. It 

would be trentin« Cnnn.lu not on an equality an.1 not 
as 'one of the f„,„ily,' to i>,.]„|^„. on ' a„v elaborate 
languaxe of grat.tu.le for thus taking up lier share of 
the Imperial burden. For ourselves we never .loubted 
that when the need ^•anie, and also the strenirth of 
shoulder, Canada would act as she has aeted." 

if<l>t(tal(ii; Die. Till, HI12.) 

_ '•Our heritage is the sea; our destiny an alliance 

of niantinie powers of one s, ,.),, „„,. h„jj. ,„„| „^^ 

thror.e of entering into these idjianees we need have 
__no forebodings. Djfri.iilties there niav l„. but .langer.s 
none. It may n„t be easy to nroneiie nil the eontra- 
diction.s of local ai-tonomy and Imperial control, but 
these difficulties are more formidable on paper than in 
faet^ In every relation of life men have t<. harmonize 
conflicting interests. Why any one sluu.hl apprehend 
disaster by aking the overseas Dominions into our 

"Znd "'" '""* '""'''''"" ''°"'-' '"' '■""""' "°''«''- 
(Oiiily KccortI, Gltixgow, Dec. Till, 1912.) 

"We welcome this aid from our brothers overseas 
"gladly and thankfully, with full hearts'-' 

{The People, London, Dee. 7th, 1912.) 

_ '"ine offer that comes to this countrv from our 
Canadian Dominion is one that will afford "the liveliest 
satisfaction to every one in the land. It is made 
through the medmm of Mr. Horden, the Premier and 
con.sists of three sii,,er-Dreadnouglits for the British 

"TJ- '^''^' .!' ''\ *"'"!."' "^ '-"nfidon-'e and affection 
that IS none the less effective and touching in that in 
strengthening the British navy Canada rightiv be- 
lieves that she is strengthening her own hands.'" 
(Leeds .Mercury, Dec. 6lh, 1912.) 

"This is something wholly different from the halt- 
39 



'iiiK wliptnc propoiin.l..,! l.y Sir Wilfrid I,auriprV I,ib. 

^ criil (iovornmoiit l.<.f.,n- it <|iiitt<-(l (.(Tir.., an.l we be 

levc It will ,.o,mnen<l itself I., tlu. Kri-iit i.mjorifv of 

hoth till. MritiHh un<l the Cmui.iiiin poonlcs us ,nore 

oornprpJicnMivp niid Htatcsninnliki'." 

IBrilish Timis anil Miiinr, I),,. Glli, 1912.) 

.. "J'"' *'/'""'''«" I'roiiiicr's sp..,.cli wus in .-very way 
worthy ol u Krcat Imperial statesiiian. His lofty 
patriotism will 1„. r,.c.0Kniz...l, not only in Cana.la and 
Ur«at Britain hut in all parts of the Kmpin'." 

(A'< »■,«.«», Daili) Journal, Ihv. 6th, ViVi.) 

"W(> lofiiso to bolieve that niori. party jealousies 
will ho penmtted to elond the full splendour of the 
Dominion s gitt." 

iillubi, 1.1111(1(111, Dt(. 'III. 1012.) 

"Mr. Borden's ioii^r awaited statement in regard to 
'naval policy was duly made yesterday in the Cana.lian 
House ot Commons and it i)roves no less momentous 
than the world had been led to expert. In the histories 
of future Kenerations, indeed, its delivery may prob- 
'ably be held to mark one of the decisive tilminK points 
"of our Imperial development." 

(Birmingham PusI, Du. 6lh, 1!»I2,) 

"The Dominion Ministers have set an e.xample of 
"Imperial loyalty which will evoke a sense of grateful 
"appreciation in every citizen of the homeland, and 
"which IS sure to have a powerful influence upon the 
' future relations not of Canada alone, but of every part 
"of the Empire with the mother country. There" is no 
I'reason for doubting tliat the Canadian Parliament and 
"Canadian public opinion will endorse the proposals of 
"the Dominion Ministers." 

{Cardiff Wrstern Mail, Pec. 6th, 1912.) 

"That speech (Borden's) will repay the closest 
30 



n.n.lmK l.y ..very Uritisl, s„t,i,.,.t Iho worl.l ..vop. nor 
J honl.l „s ,„..„„!„« I,., lost .„.si.|.. „,.. MritisI, K, .Vf ' 

s ...„,.., ,„, ,„.„, „„„ ,„.. ,•,.,„„„ „„„..„„„„,. 
<>l « hnn.lM.,,,,. ....ntril.iition t„ tli.. l{„val m.vv H 1,, 

..!"'"', ■'•'•Mtly, ,( has l.,,„„ ..„sto,M„rv to ,.„|1 Iht ro ., 

;<- llu.t »pp..llnti,.„ has h,,,,, ,,,;s..,l to ox „.. e 
"true liirls of th.. Inipciiiil ti..." 

'"'"'.'/ 0,s,„it,l,, .\/,„„l,,,i,,: It,,, aih, nil:.'., 

..'■"•"I- 'l-M of ..ratitn.h. hy an a U ,hat lif," ,he 

..;.";',:„';;"'; '""•''""•■;' ">'-'• 'n--.vi"'n!: e 

,.""".,'"'V '■'!""' '" «'^'' ^"i''"' '" 'I'" ^"''i"! with s ...h 

_^J'Umy, ,.a„<n,.ss,„Ms„,,..s,iv.„...sas',n....hihi;i 

•• tl^! '"'■"';■•'• I'.s stnt..n,..Mt shonhi 1... hh,xom.,l on 

Mti.rs „( „„hl thmiiu'houf th.. Kni|Mi(. • • • 'I'hp 

urn . H,.,. oi ,s („„,.!>• an.l K.^nwons, !,.:( still more 
nohh. an, np;,f,i„. is „,.. spirit whi,.h pr.„„p,s be 
gitt and tli<. manner of ifivintr." 

(Maiirlitsln- Cmriir, I),,, lil/i, 1!(12.) 

"('nna.la's eontrilMition of Dreu.ln.Mi^'hts-for we 
n,a.v take ,t for .^rant.-.I that Afr. B.,nl,.n's navv 1 11 
w I pass^ .nark.s a new era in the ..onstitution of the 
ni,Ush^ Kmp.re as well as in international politi..s. 

"th. r •,'""", '■'"', '* '"•""■• ^*"'"-f'' '""'lin^' than 
the , ,Kn,f,e,l ami well-reason..,l passages in whieh 
"Mr. lionlen ontline.l the (■onstitnlionar,,ositi„n " 

{EviiiiiKj Slaiiilard. I),,. eHi, H»12.) 

"Mr. Borden's .speeeh in the Canadian Honse of 
Commons on Thursday marks t),e ..penin,- of a new 
era-we trust a more fniitful, more heneficent. and 
31 



"more glorious era— in the development of British Em- 
"pire. In saying this we are not thinking chiefly of the 
"generous gift of three battleships at a cost of some- 
"what over seven millions sterling, nor of the loyalty 
"which prompts such a gift. We have in mind rather 
"the result which will follow from the action of Canada 
"in bringing the overseas '" ^minions Commonwealths 
"and Unions into areal partnership for the first time." 
(The Statist, Dec. 6th, 1912.) 

"The Canadian offer is extraordinarily opportune 
"in respect of our present material needs." 

(Morning Advertiser, Dec. 7th, 1912.) 

"It would be difficult to exaggerate the vast Im- 
"perial importance of the munificent offer made by Mr. 
"Uorden to the British Admiralty." 

(Sheffield Daily Tiifgraph, Die. 6lh, 1912.) 

"The patriotic offer of the Canadian Oover lent 
"has been received with enthusiasm not in Kngland 
"only, but throughout the Empire." 

(Daily Graphic, Dec. 1th, 1912.) 

"The defences of the P^mpire will be strengthened, 
"and the influence it can exercise for the peace of the 
"world will be increased, in proportion to the states- 
"manship displayed in applying the principles which 
"Mr. Borden so admirably expounded." 

(Standard, London, Die. llh, 1912.) 

"Mr. Borden's great speech has been received with 
"a unison of rejoicing, not only in the British Isles and 
"in Canada; not only in tiie 'Sister states across the 
"sea' but also in one foreign quarter whence approval 
"is very welcome. The French Press quick as ever to 
"seize points which lie hidden beneath the surface of 
"events, comments delightedly on the fact that the 
"French population have joined with their fellow sah- 

3» 



"jects of British birtii in making tliis free will offering 
"to the Empire. With all our heart we thank our 
"friends across the channel for this generous apprecia- 
"tion. It is good to know that the nprising of the Km- 
"pire has had the effect of urifinning and strengthen- 
"ing the friendship of '■> Hriti>li »;\ French peoples. 
"The moral effect produ ;>d hy .Mr. I'.jrden's announce- 
"ment of Canadian polic '. n Kufipi m affairs has thus 
"been as instantaneous as it is ;,„!i'(i to be great." 
(I'alt Mall <!a-ittc, Ocr. 'Ill, 1H12.) 

" i; l)onlinion^. of to-day, witli the growth of pop- 
"ulation und of wealtli, are, as we can see, destined to 
"become the great nations of to-morrow— our fellow 
"workers on the consolidation and protection of British 
"interests in all ])arts of the world. A greater power 
"than the history of the human race has ever revealed 
"is rising — rising from the ocean, whence its every con- 
"stitnent part had hirtli and must continue to draw its 
"essential strength." 

(Daily Telegraph, Dec. 9th, 1912.) 

"Such is the situation to-day, a situation which 
"Mr. 15(,rden has had the statesmanship to perceive and 
"the courage to e.xpose. He spoke in Ottawa with a 
"candour which our politicians are not likely to emu- 
"late. It does not increase our confidence in Mr. Wins- 
"ton Churchill to note that the whole truth about the 
"navy has been told, not in England, but in Canada. 
"* * • It (Borden's speech) is a frank, honest state- 
"ment, which can lead to no confusion, and which gives 
"us good hope indeed for the future." 

{Blacliivood's Magazine, Jan., 1913.) 

"Sir Wilfrid Laurier has suggested as an altema- 
"tive to Mr. Borden's plan that the Dominion should 
"provide and man two fleet units, each with a super- 
" Dreadnought for tlagship, which should be stationed 
"one in the Pacific and the other in the Atlantic. To 

3.1 



"understand Sir Wilfrid Laurier's attitude it is neces- 
"sary to remember that lie is a consummate elec- 
"tioneerer and a virtuoso in i)arty tactics. His object 
"is to sHRgest for his followers an alternative pro- 
" gramme to that brought forward by the Conservatives 
"rather than to advance a i)ractical proposal intended 
"for immediate adoption. As a matter of fact, being 
"in ojjposition he is not in a position to give practical 
"effect to his scheme, and there is this real difficulty in 
"it— that one super- Dreadnought in each ocean sun- 
"dered by thousands of miles of water would not pro- 
"tect Canada against an enemy who had two super- 
" Dreadnoughts in either sea." 

(Daily Mail, Dec. Wh, 1912.) 

"Sir Wilfrid is an opportunist, or nothing. He 
"sees the present trend of Canadian sentiment. He 
"fears to oppose directly that wave of Imperial feeling 
"which seems to have swept over the immense terri- 
"tories where recently his influence was supreme. 
"Therefore in the amendment which he has moved to 
"the Naval aid Bill he proposes measures of whicj, the 
"cost would actually exceed that of the proposals made 
"by Mr. Borden. But the essence of his suggestion is 
"separation while the essence of Mr. Borden's is com- 
"bination." 

(fl. F. Wyatt in The Outlook, Jan. IWt, 1913.) 

"Mr. Borden, it is hardly necessary to say, suc- 
"ceeded in lifting his speech far above the plane of 
"party controversies. The temperate and statesman- 
"like tone of his argument was, in point of fact, warmly 
"praised by the leader of the opposition." 

(Xationnl [{(view for January, 1913.) 

"Apart from the merits of the respective policies, 
"two obvious objections at once present themselves to 
"Sir Wilfrid Laurier'.s plan. It is not the kind of help 
"which the British Board of Admiralty, on being ap- 

34 



"proached on the subji;, t by tlie Canadian Government, 
"pronounce to be the most n. ded and tlie most useful. 
"Even if it were it would tal^e an indefinite number of 
"years before a Canadian navy could come into play as 
"a factor in Imperial defence. Certainly it can be of no 
"practical value in meeting the purposes for which Sir 
"Wilfrid Laurier is willing to vote the seven millions — 
" 'immediately increasing the efl'ective naval forces of 
"Britain.' Dreadnoughts, he has been told, are what is 
'wanted to meet tl'ese immediate needs; and Canada 
"were she never so w illing, is not in a position to supply 
"them from her own resources within a reasonable 
"time." 

{Edinburgh Scotsman, Dii. Uth, 1912.) 

"But if the Empire is to wait for this contribution 
"(Laurier's) until Canada is in a position to build 
"super- Dreadnoughts, cruisers, and torpedo craft to 
"construct the machinery for their propulsion, to turn 
"out the armament without which they must be floating 
"shells, and to furnish officers and crews, it is to be 
"feared it will require to exercise considerable 
"patience." 

{Glasgow Herald, Dec. Hth, 1912.) 

"In days of rivalry in annaments it is conceivable, 
"though we hope not probable, that the need for a Can- 
"adian fleet might even pass away before she could 
"carry out Sir Wilfrid's plan." 

(Plymouth Western Morning News, Dec. lilh, 1912.) 

"Mr. Borden, in a speech worthy of the great occa- 
"sion, made a statement so frank, loyal and practical 
"as to leave nothing in doubt." 

(Country Life, Dec. lith, 1912.) 

"Sir Wilfrid divides the Empire into sections, each 
"section viewing the problem of its defence as a thing 
"apart. It is of a piece with the separatist tendencies 

35 



"be has shown before; and with his dictum that Canada 
"need not be fighting because PIngland is at war." 
(Saturday Hcuita; Dec. litli, 1912.) 

"It often happens that a speech which has been 
"awaited with eagerness is received with Hisappoint- 
"ment. But that is not the case with the Canadian Pre- 
""mier's long-deferrod pronouncement. In matter, in 
"style, in manner Mr. Borden yesterday was worthy of 
"his great subject: worthy also of the trust which Can- 
"ada and Great Britain have laid upon him. He spoke 
"as leader of the Canadian Conservatives— but he 
"spoke also as Prime Minister of the Dominion. He 
"spoke as a Colonial statesman— but he spoke also as 
"one of the rulers of the British Kmpire. In his speech 
"there are summed up and focussed all those vague ap- 
" prehensions and vague wishes which have found ex- 
"pression in Canada, in Australia, in New Zealand, in 
"South Africa, in Malayr.; there is laid down a policy 
"whose pursuit means closer union, greater strength, 
"fuller devlopment for the Empire as a whole and'for 
"each individual part. For Mr. Borden has seen our 
"present insecurity and the peril which menaces our 
"future; he has .seen also the only safeguard, the sole 
"and sufficient defence." 

(Liverpool Courier, Dec. 6lh, 1912.) 

"Of the part played by Mr. Borden and his Minis- 
"try, it is difficult to sjieak in words which shall be ade- 
"quate without appearing fulsome. If statesmanship 
"consists in knowing how and when to take occasion by 
"the hand, then this strong, silent man has proved him- 
'self a statesman unsurpassed even in the brilliant an- 
'nals of our own race. He saw the immediate need and 
'the way to meet it. He saw the greater issue which 
'lies behind, and how to bond the need of the moment 
'to serve the larger purpose. He knew how to satisfy 
'at once the broader and the narrower patriotism by 
'rendering the immediate contribution to the security 



"of the Empire coiiipntilile witli flic sntisfaction of that 
"pride of country which demands that Canada shall 
"build and man her sliii)s as well as pay for them. Fin- 
"ally, lie has built the scaffoldin}!; of tliat House of De- 
"fenoe wh'cli not Canada an<l the mother country 
"alone, hut all the Donuiiions and Dependencies of the 
"Crown, may help to build." 

(Observer, Dec. Otii, 1912.) 

"There would almost seem to be something defec- 
^|tive in Sir Wilfrid Laurier's Imperial conceptions. 
"He aiiiiears unable to regard an Empire as otherwise 
"than in watertight compartments." 

(Morning Advertiser, Dee. lith, 1912.) 

"The leader of the opposition at Ottawa is not a 
"strategist, or he would not have endorsed such a plan 
"as a contribution to the main strength of the Empire. 
"Shii)s of war are bnilt to defend something against 
' ' someone. ' ' 

(Daily Telegraph, Dec. \8th, 1912.) 

"There is no need, I think, to attach excessive im- 
"portance to Sir -Wilfrid Laurier's amendment to the 
^|(iovernment of Canada's Naval Bill. A scheme which 
"would divide ihe Canadian fleet into two parts, and 
^^keep each of those parts separate from the other fleets 
^^ of the Empire, is open to every conceivable strategical 
"objection. But I regard the amendment as no more 
^'than a political dodge. Sir Wilfrid has to stick up for 
'I his own policy of a sei)arate Canadian fleet. He has 
1 1 also to eat his words about Canada not being at war 
"whe 1 the rest of the Empire is at war. I may add that 
"he has performed his task with a slimness which gives 
"further proof that a Radical is a Radical all the world 
"over." 

(The World, London, Dec. Vfh, 1912.) 

37 



"If Sir Wilfrid Laiirier's arpriiment means any- 
' thing, it presupposes that the Empire may be engaged 
'in a life-and-death struggle about a cause which Can- 
'ada disapproves. Our minor troubles do not touch 
'Canada. If her ships are needed for action, it can 
'only be cither in a question nearly affecting herself, or 
'else in some broad conflict which may bring the whole 
'Empire down. Semi-detachment is therefore in real- 
'ity not a practicable alternative. Mr. Borden has seen 
'that clearly enough. He has realized that, in any 
'great struggle where her s'lips might be required, Can- 
'ada would stand or fall by the results, whether she 
'wished it or not. lie has therefore claimed, and right- 
'ly claimed, that she should have a voice in the main 
'issues of policy which govern peace or war. Such a 
'voice is, in truth, the only means to that security at 
'which Sir Wilfrid Laurier's argument is aimed. The 
'alternative is independence, nothing less. For it real- 
'ly is not possible, e.\cept as a form of words, to de- 
'nounce the thought of separation from the Empire as 
' 'folly and crime' and in the same breath to insist up- 
'on a species of Imperial connection much looser for de- 
'fensive purposes than that of ordinary allies." 

(Times, London, Drc, 14Hi, 1912.) 

"When neither political party in England rises to 
'the heights demanded by the situation, we re.joice that 
'the leadership has been taken out of our hands by Mr. 
'Borden. England has been in travail a long time, said 
'Frederick the Great, and at last she has produced a 
'man. He spoke of Chatham, to whom we owe Canada. 
'We may paraphrase the saying in regard to the Em- 
"pire and Mr. Borden. For the time being Ottawa is 
'the capital of our Empire for thence has come the im- 
'' pulse to do our duty and the call which is echoing 
"throughout the Empire." 

(Saturday Review, Dec. lith, 1912.) 



3« 



SOUTH AFRICAN PRESS. 

{The C'apctoHii Tiniis has a leadinij nrikh uii Dri. 6lh, 1912, 
headed "Well Done Canada." It concludes with the 
folloiving) : 

"We arc tolerably certain that the response of the 
"Canadian people to Mr. Borden's lead will be one of 
"enthusiastic admiration. And, by way of conclusion, 
"though nobody will suggest that the Union of South 
"Africa is in a financial jiosition to rival the (^anadian 
"example, we may express the hope that to the extent 
"of the resources of the Union, and in the manner mo.st 
"suited to the circumstances of the country and the 
"temper of its inhabitants, our Ministers may .show 
"their appreciation of Canada's action in flattery's sin- 
"cerest form." 

(The Johannesburg Star says) : 

"The scope of the Canadian proposals had been 
"anticipated but none the less the formal announcement 
"of this noble gift and the striking speech with which 
"the Dominion Premier introduced his scheme are cal- 
"culated to create a thrill of gratitude and admiration 
"throughout the Empire. That it will meet the ap- 
"proval of the Canadian v ople goes without saying." 

(The South African News says) : 

"Canada has set us an example which South Africa 
"cannot hope to equal. But we can follow in the same 
"direction, keeping as close to the leader as our re- 
" sources permit." 

(The Natal Mercury says that Mr. Borden's speech marked a 

new e.-a in the history of the British Empire. It add^) : 

"Canada has recognized her duty magnificently. 

"Australia equally recognizes that she is in duty bound 



39 



"to spend of her substance in holping to maintuin the 
"command of the sea for the F^mpire." 

{General Bollia, Premier of Soiilli Afriea) : 

"Opinion in South Africa was divided whether to 
"continue tlie oontnl)ntion to jjive Dreadnoughts or to 
"have her own navy. It was a difficult and delicate 
"question, and he was anxious to take the ri^ht course." 

(Sir 1). (Irani, South African Minister for I'osts and Tele- 
graphs) : 
"I am much impressed by the forward step Canada 
"has taken. No one recognizes more tlian we do in 
"South Africa the urgent necessity for protecting our 
"Empire. We hope at an early date to be able to an- 
"nounce a naval contribution commensurate with the 
"dignity of P'l'itli Africa." 



40 



AUi TEALIA AND NEW ZEALAND. 



The Naval Aid Bill was well received by the press 
of both countries. 

AUSTRALIAN OPINIONS. 

(Sir Oiorf/e Reid, fligh Commissioner) : 

" Maijnificent from every point of view. I hope to 
"see the North Pacific and the Nortli Atlantic patrolled 
"by Canadian fleets just as the South Seas are paraded 
"by the Australian fleet. 

{Mr. 0. F. Pcarce, Ministir of Defence) : 

"People of Australia will hail with delight Can- 
"ada's decision to establish a fleet in the Pacific." 

(Mr. Diakin, Leader of the Opposition) : 

"While preferring to say nothing offhand, said that 
"Canada's proposal certainly seemed a magnificent 
"idea." 

(The Argus, of Melbourne, Australia, commends the "British 
restraint" which characterizes the Admiralty Memo- 
randum placed before the Canadian House of Commons 
by Mr. Borden, and notes the spirit of quiet resolu- 
tion which pervades the document) : 

"In the opinion of the Argus the Memorandum 
"should stir the vigorous young communities of Can- 
"ada. South Africa, New Zealand and Australia to a 
"lively sense of the debt they owe to the motherland, 
"and of the moral obligation upon them to do their ut- 
"most at the present juncture to aid her in carrying the 
"ever-increasing burden of Imperial Naval Defence." 



41 



NEW ZEAI^ND OPINIONS. 

{Mr. I. .daikemic, High Commusioiur for Hew Zealand) : 

"I oannot express my great delight at Mr. Borden's 
"proposals. My opinion is that his line of action is the 
"right one." 

(The Navy id Drfeme League of Wellington cabled Mr. Bor- 
di.: 

"My colleagues and I send you kind congratula- 
"tions." 



4» 



IMPERIAL OOVERNMEKT'S THANKS. 



(tfr, J. A. P-ase, Prtaiili I't nf Ihr Board of Kiliaalion, address- 
ing a Liberal d< mon.tl ration at i'hisltr) : 

'•That inorniiiK uveryono in tlie United Kiniriloin, 
"witliout ilistinctiou of piirty, would Imve read with d«- 
"light of the itfiTou** "ff'-i' to tlie strunRtli of tlie Im- 
"pcrial navy made by Mr. ISordcn, tlie Prime Minister 
"of C'anadu. (Clieer.s.) In tlie liistory of Kmpires no 
"such larffo share of Imperial burden had ever been as- 
"Humed by an Oversea Dominion. HwAi assistance would 
"materially help to maintain on the liiKh seas through 
"out the whole world the predominance of the naval 
"forces of the Crown. The \x.\H so );enerously offered, 
"crowning as it did those which we had already reeeiv 
"ed from New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, and the 
Malay States, marked the consolidation of the f^mpire 
"in a way which must strike the imaginatiou of all Brit- 
"ish people. Unity in sea power and policy would mark 
"also a new era, and while it in no way would diminish 
"the freedom of each comjionent jiart it must tend to the 
"closer federation of the Empire as a whole. The con- 
"tribution of thirty-tive million dollars, or seven million 
"pounds, to our Empire was much more than the value 
"of the three 'Dreadnoughts' which it would con- 
"struct. This magnificent offer, voluntarily made by 
"the present Canadian (Jovemment, would be regarded 
"in history as an epoch-making event, and he need not 
"say how readily his Majesty's Government, on behalf 
"of the mother country, responded to this fresh token 
"of the feeling of kinship and loyalty that was mani 
"fested from over the sea. The Government, for whom 
"he spoke that night, were prepared to accept with sin- 
"cere gratitude the gift in the same spirit in which it 
"had been offered. He ventured to express on the very 

4.5 



"dny the nnnouncenK'nt lind l»'cn mnilc tlit'ir lieartfclt, 
"wnrm apiirciiition to the CiiiHuliiiii (iovcmnifnt for 
"tln'ir proposition, niul wannly to tlmnl< tlie Cnnnclinn 
"poo|)li' for the Kpirit in which we understood the jjen- 
"erous propositi liad been received." 

( ImiiiI'iii Timis l{i iioit.) 

(AtejraniUr In, l.nr,t A<lvt»ali fnr Srollanil) : 

"1 regard Cnnndn's Kif "« "lost maKnificent. Ihe 
"world knows to-day, if it did not know before, the 
"great lovaltv of the Canadian people. It was not for 
"sale in the market; their princely offer, given imsolicit- 
"ed to the British people to strengthen the navy, not 
"for the purpose of aggression, but for defence of the 
"Kmpire, has ended the suggestion that Canada would 
" 'cut the painter' and withdraw her allegiance unless 
"a certain jireferential policy were adopted." 

(Mr r J MmXiimara, I'lKhr Siirclary i)f Ihi Ailmiialhjj: 

"Speaking at a meeting at the I.avington-street 
"Baths, Southwark, Mr. McNamara said nil of them, of 
"all parties, must have fe , a thrill of pride as they read 
"of Canada's gift to the navy. It was a splendid recog- 
"nition bv the oldest Dominion of her vital stake in the 
"integrity of the British Empire. No finer tribute could 
"be paid to the sagacity and statesmanship of the men 
"who, here and overseas, in the years gone by, laid the 
"foundations of our Empire. The sjurit which inspired 
"the proceedings at Ottawa— a spirit which was no tess 
"strongly reflected in all parts of the Empire— was the 
"fruit of their genius. He had been at the Admiralty 
"now nearlv five vears and had seen many things which 
"had given" him great satisfaction, especially the untir- 
"ing devotion of the officers and men of all ranks asso- 
"ciated with that great service. But most of all he had 
"seen again and again, evidences of the renewed and 
"grownig determination of onr brothers across the seas 
"to plav their part in the maintenance and strengthen- 
"ing of our Empire, to the end that under the cover of 

44 



"ad("<niaU' (lefouic tli<' Uritisli in'oplc iniK'lit poacofullv 
••)>ursui' tlii'ir wiiv, clfvclci|>iii« tlii'ir iii>tit\iti<)iis, cnrintf 
"for tlw needy m tlieir midst, mid striving In mid '.. 
"tlie sum totiil of Immnii cMimfoH iirid luippiiiess within 
"their bordi'rs. 

(Thr ilaiiiiiia i>f Laiimliiiiiii, Kd): 

"It is, to tny mind, impnssihle to overrate the im 
"portaiiee of Mr. HonU'iiV aiinouncemetit, which will be 
"meiiiorahle in the liistory holli of the Donunioii and of 
"the mother roiintry, and marks the hoKinninj! of a new 
"era for tlie Kmpire. It lias heen received willi the at 
"most enthusiasm by all classes of the community here. 
"I am more than ever iiroud to have been for a time con- 
"nected with the public affairs of ("nnada." 

(Mr. Waller Long) : 

".SpeuliiuK at Skipton, he referre,; to ('Mnada's n'ltt 
"to the navy, and ilescrihed it as a stirrin;? in -ident in the 
"liistory of the Kmpire. (Clieers.) It was a splendid 
"tribute to the spirit of Imperialism which they were 
"proud to know iiermeated the whole of the British Km 
"pire to-day. Canada, realizinj; that the burden of pro 
"tectinf? the seas was one wliicli was a little too ^roat 
"for this United Kingdom to bear alone, had come for- 
"ward and h, 1 ' n^ • ' a splendid contribution to our 
"navy, showi-ifi i' "'<■ .'orld that the Hritish Kmpire, 
"composed as it wh.s ol different Kingdoms, stood as one 
"man in defenec of our common rights and privileses. 
"(Cheers.)" 



(Lord Roberts cables) : 

"You have earned the gratitude of England and 
"the Empire for Canada's wonderful offer of eontribu- 
"tion to our defence. Personally I send my warmest 
"thanks." 



LORD STRATIIOOXA'S MEWS. 

{Lunl Sti-allufjiia's rittrs) : 

"In an interview, lie exi)rcssed tlie Krafifieation 
"wliieli tlie pordial recoirtion of tlie sclienie in Britain 
"wonkl sive to allCanadians. Itroiild liardlyhe otlierwise, 
"when Canada, out of lier loyalty and devotion to the 
"Kmpire, liad made that groat otTer voluntarily. As to 
"the residence in London of a Canadian Minister to re- 
" present the Dominion on the Committee of Imperial 
"Defence, ho said his i)resence here, together with the 
"representatives of Australia, New Zealand, and South 
"Africa, in close consultation with the Executive of the 
"Home Government upon <iuestions of Imperial De- 
"fenee, could not fail to promote Imperial Unity." 

(Lord Charles Brrisfonl, M.P. (I'liioiiist) : 

"What I recommended the Dominions to do was to 
"defend their end of the trade routes with strong naval 
"bases, mines, torpedo-boat destroyers, and light cruis- 
"ers. The trade routes are unjirotected now. Our 
"danger is starvation, not invasion. Nothing can ex- 
"ceed the admiration in which all of us hold the Can- 
"adians for making such a magnificent contribution to 
"the safety of the old country." 

(Sir Gilbert Parker, M.P. {Vninni.sl, and a Canadian) : 

"When you remember that Canada has never given 
"a penny to Imperial defence in her whole history, the 
"proposed contribution is wonderful. Over more than 
"a quarter of a century Australia gave £200,000 a year. 
"But Canada has made up a lot of years by this pro- 
" posed gift. Here is the great right thing from the 
"premier Dominion of the Empire. Once again Canada 
"reveals her inherent greatness." 



(.Mr. Graham Ilortiin-Sinilh. joini hon. urcnlary of the Im- 
perial Maritime League) : 
"Mr. Borden's speech constitutes a message of fine 

46 



"inspiration and hope flashed from the Canadian strand. 
"The danger is that the present British Qovernment 
"may make use of tlie proposed gift with the object of 
"lessening the amount of British construction, and thus 
"be able to save more money for its own political pur- 
"poses with tlie ' torate of the United Kingdom." 

(Sir Conan Ooyli) : 

"Sir Conan Doyle, the celebrated writer of patriotic 
"verse and author of 'The (Jreat Boer War,' who is poli- 
"tically Unionist, but believes in Home Rule for Ireland, 
"wires: 'Magnificent; every citizen must rejoice.' " 

(Ho7i. Alfred Lyttelton, who was Colonial Secretary under Bal- 
four) : 
"I should like to express my profound sense of 
"gratitude, not merely for the splendid proposal, but 
"for the reception accorded it by Canadians in all parts 
"of the Dominion." 



{E. Smith, M.P., who is certain to he in the next Unionist Cabi- 
net) : 
"The proposed terms will excite the gratitude and 
"emotion of every patriotic Englishman and statesman. 
"In its own broad scope it has done more to consolidate 
"and define the conditions of Imperial defence than any 
"speech hitherto made, either here or in the Dominions." 

(Allan Burgoyne, editor of the Navy Annual) : 

"It was satisfactory that Canada reserved the right 
"to reclaim the contribution for Dominion purposes 
"when the necessity arises, which will forbid the Home 
"Government using the present gift as a substitution for 
"supply from the Imperial exchequer." 

(Mr. Maekinder (Unionist), of Olasg,/^v) : 

"It is difficult to say which is the more important 
"fact, that we have three more ships, or the addition of 
"a statesman of the first importance to the Imperial 

47 



councils. Mr. Borden has had the courage to resist the 
temptation to tie the new squadron to local waters. 
It IS clear that at no distant time assis.ance from Do- 
mimons beyond the seas must be on a very consider- 
able scale 1 0-day '8 gift is an earnest that a generous 
"view will be taken." 

(Mr. Tlamar (Ireenifood, M.P.) -. 

.,,. ",.^^ I Canadian who, during the whole of his pub- 
lic life, has done his best to bring home to Canadians 
the privilege and duty of adequately assisting in Im- 
perial defence, I am naturally glad to congratulate Mr 
iiorden on Ills step in advance, and equallv to congrat- 
ulate Sir Wilfrid Laurier on his support of tlie emer- 
gency grant These two Canadian statesmen, together 

.7 A?^"";,^^'"'*"" Churchill, make a trio of men who 

"put the Empire first." 

THE NAVY LEAGUE. 
(The Navy League issued Ihc Jvllowing) -. 
^ "The Executive Committee of the Navv League 
hasten to offer their warm congratulations, and to ex- 
press their profound sense of gratitude to the Prime 
Minister and the people of the Dominion of Canada 
tor the magnificent contribution to the strength of the 
fleet announced in the Dominion House of Commons 
on Thursday. The Navy League regards the action 
ot the Canadian people as the coping stone of the struc- 
ture of Imperial Unity. In this moment of gratitude 
and congratulation, however, we must not forget that 
the primary duty of the defence of these islands with 
their teeming populations dependent upon sea-borne 
^^ supplies of foodstuffs and of raw material for their 
J industries— themselves the very heart of the Empire 
. :T^®^°'^«»' «nd must always devolve, upon us. The 
Navy League ventures to warn the people of this coun- 
try that they must not permit the generous offers of 
the Dominions to participate in Imperial Defence to 

48 



be used l)y party statosnieii for tlic pmpo^c of reducini; 
••the burden of iiccessaiy naval defence nliieli tlie tax- 
'•payer of this country must <'outiMne to shouhler, and 
"to ask them to insist that these sliips.shall l>e additiou- 
' al to, and not in place of. those wlijch tlie position and 
•necessities of the mother countrv compel her to pro- 
••vide." ' 



'•/(//• Cliislir, 11,1(1 iliainiiaii of fhr Kaiy 



{Hi: Ryerhurgh, mniibi 
League) : 

"We have just cabled I'leniier Horden expressinf; 
"the gratitude and tlianks of the nation to tlie Canadian 
"people for the maRnificeiit offer that is reallv nmkin- 
•'the Empire a reality and putting a ooping'stone on 
' Imperial unity. There is no doubt that Britain is 
"faced with an extremely serious state of alfairs. This 
"determination of the overseas Dominion to stand side 
"by side with the mother countrv certaiulv makes for 
"the peace of the world." 

{The Canadian Siction „f Cmnminr, I'ari.i, cahlnl the Pmiu- 
ihmster) : 

"British Chambers of Commerce re.joices Canada's 
"generous oiler made in the interest of ' Imiierial unitv 
"and commerce." 



49